3. Python Coding Guidelines

3.1. Python Boilerplate

If a Python file is meant to be executed (as opposed to imported), it should have a .in extension, and its first line should be:


which will be replaced with the appropriate python executable when Pacemaker is built. To make that happen, add an entry to CONFIG_FILES_EXEC() in configure.ac, and add the file name without .in to .gitignore (see existing examples).

After the above line if any, every Python file should start like this:


__copyright__ = "Copyright <YYYY[-YYYY]> the Pacemaker project contributors"

<BRIEF-DESCRIPTION> is obviously a brief description of the file’s purpose. The string may contain any other information typically used in a Python file docstring.

<LICENSE> should follow the policy set forth in the COPYING file, generally one of “GNU General Public License version 2 or later (GPLv2+)” or “GNU Lesser General Public License version 2.1 or later (LGPLv2.1+)”.

3.2. Python Version Compatibility

Pacemaker targets compatibility with Python 3.4 and later.

Do not use features not available in all targeted Python versions. An example is the subprocess.run() function.

3.3. Formatting Python Code

  • Indentation must be 4 spaces, no tabs.
  • Do not leave trailing whitespace.
  • Lines should be no longer than 80 characters unless limiting line length significantly impacts readability. For Python, this limitation is flexible since breaking a line often impacts readability, but definitely keep it under 120 characters.
  • Where not conflicting with this style guide, it is recommended (but not required) to follow PEP 8.
  • It is recommended (but not required) to format Python code such that pylint --disable=line-too-long,too-many-lines,too-many-instance-attributes,too-many-arguments,too-many-statements produces minimal complaints (even better if you don’t need to disable all those checks).